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YAN Shuai,LIN Bin,ZHANG Xiaofeng.State-of-the-art and key technologies of water lubricated ceramic spindle[J].Journal of Hebei University of Science and Technology,2018,39(6):477-486
水润滑陶瓷主轴研究现状与关键技术
State-of-the-art and key technologies of water lubricated ceramic spindle
Received:August 13, 2018  Revised:September 05, 2018
DOI:10.7535/hbkd.2018yx06001
中文关键词:  金属切削机床  水润滑  主轴  陶瓷摩擦学  转子动力学  降阶方法  表面织构
英文关键词:metal cutting machine tool  water lubrication  spindle  ceramic tribology  rotor dynamics  order reduction method  surface texture
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51805366,51805365); 中国博士后科学基金(2016M601259); 天津大学先进陶瓷与加工技术教育部重点实验室开放基金(ACMT-2018)
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
YAN Shuai Key Laboratory of Advanced Ceramics and Machining Technology of Ministry of Education Tianjin University  
LIN Bin Key Laboratory of Advanced Ceramics and Machining Technology of Ministry of Education Tianjin University linbin@tju.edu.cn 
ZHANG Xiaofeng Key Laboratory of Advanced Ceramics and Machining Technology of Ministry of Education Tianjin University  
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中文摘要:
      介绍了水润滑陶瓷主轴的概念和特点,概述了水润滑陶瓷主轴在国内外的发展趋势和工业应用,对水润滑陶瓷主轴的关键技术和急需解决的问题从4个方面进行了评述,主要包括:1)材料摩擦学方面,需加强对低成本、高性能水基润滑添加剂、高韧性硅基陶瓷材料、长寿命陶瓷涂层的研究;2)轴承润滑建模与分析方面,需综合考虑陶瓷零件加工精度、水基润滑剂非牛顿效应、高速湍流效应、温黏效应等因素,实现精确建模与分析;3)高速主轴轴承-转子系统非线性动力学方面,需借助降阶分析理论的最新成果,实现系统非线性行为的精准预测与调控;4)表面织构在水润滑陶瓷主轴上的应用方面,需加强对表面织构和宏观结构的协同效应、表面织构的设计与优化,以及陶瓷表面织构的低成本高效加工方法的研究。
英文摘要:
      The concept and characteristics of water-lubricated ceramic spindle are introduced. The development trend and industrial application of water-lubricated ceramic spindle at home and abroad are summarized. Finally, the key technologies of water-lubricated ceramic spindle and the problems to be solved urgently are reviewed from four aspects, mainly including. 1) In material tribology, the research on low-cost and high-performance water-based lubrication additives, high-toughness silicon-based ceramics and long-life ceramic coatings should be strengthened. 2) In the modeling and analysis of bearing lubrication, the machining accuracy of ceramic parts, non-Newtonian effect of water-based lubricants, high-speed turbulence effect, temperature-viscosity effect and other factors should be considered to achieve accurate modeling and analysis. 3) In the nonlinear dynamics of high-speed spindle bearing-rotor system, the latest results of reduced-order analysis theory should be used. 4) For the application of surface texture on water-lubricated ceramic spindles, the synergistic effect of surface texture and macrostructure, the design and optimization of surface texture and the low-cost and high-efficiency machining methods of surface texture should be strengthened.
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