农业机械领域的工程仿生研究概况与应用前景
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国家自然科学基金(51205107)


Research advance and development prospect of engineering bionics in agricultural machinery field
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    摘要:

    工程仿生研究在农业机械领域有着较为广泛的应用,基于昆虫脱附减阻规律与食虫植物捕食现象的研究逐步形成应用于农业生产领域的工程仿生技术。本文从仿生农业机械脱附减阻及致灾农业昆虫滑移捕集滑板仿生制备的研究现状入手,主要分析了典型动植物非光滑表面形态结构对生理功能特性的表现规律与机理,阐述了工程仿生学在农业耕种机械及虫害机械化捕集防治领域的应用研究概况,并分析了工程仿生领域潜在的研究方向与发展前景。

    Abstract:

    Engineering bionics research has been more widely used in the field of agricultural machinery. Based on the research of insects anti-adhesion and anti-resistance rule and carnivorous plants predation phenomenon, the engineering bionic technology utilized in agricultural production fields is gradually formed. Started from the research status of anti-adhesion and anti-resistance of biomimetic agricultural machine, as well as the biomimetic design and manufacture of slippery trapping plate used in controlling agricultural pests, this paper reviews the manifestation rules and mechanism exhibited by the non-smooth surface morphology of the typical animals and vegetations to their physiology function characteristics, and reviews the application research of the engineering bionics in the field of farming machinery and the mechanized controlling of agricultural pests, then analyzes potential research direction and development prospects in the field of engineering bionics.

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王立新,高雅妍.农业机械领域的工程仿生研究概况与应用前景[J].河北科技大学学报,2014,35(4):309-317

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  • 收稿日期:2014-01-10
  • 最后修改日期:2014-03-17
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  • 在线发布日期: 2014-07-08
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